Membrane & Signaling Processes
|MEMBRANE PROCESSES & SIGNALLING CASCADES
As they relate to Terms 1 and 4 of System 4
Robert Campbell April 2011
A few simplified examples of signalling pathways are shown in Figures 4, 5 & 6
Some membrane proteins penetrate
only part way through the membrane.
Peripheral membrane chemicals attach
to other proteins and do not penetrate.
Figure 30 illustrates how the main pathways of G-protein signaling initiate.
System 4 Terms:
The meaning in each System Term must be interpreted in context. In order to understand this it is
first necessary to interpret the universal hierarchy in the context of the Cell as it relates to Organ
tissues and Host human being as well to the Cell, Organelles and Enzymes triad that directs
molecular processes inside each cell. In the former case the Particular Terms relate to collective
events within each Cell as they collectively relate to Organs and the Host human being. In the latter
case the Particular Terms relate to chemical events catalyzed by specific Enzyme Teams
associated with Organelles as these relate collectively to the overall integration of the host Cell. The
Universal Terms regulate their collective organization. This methodology is a strict discipline that
complements traditional approaches to the sciences and it must find consistency with the empirical